VTP

VLAN

Cisco Systems - VTP (VLANTrunkingProtocol), .

VLAN. VLAN Virtual Local Area Network, . VLAN , , , . VLAN , , , . :

 VTP

, VLANa. 1 3 VLAN 10, 6 8 VLAN 20.

, , :

VLAN 10

Switch(config)# vlan 10
Switch(config)# interface range fa0/1 - 3
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access
Switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan 10

VLAN 20

Switch(config)# vlan 20
Switch(config)# interface range fa0/5 - 8
Switch(config-if)# switchport mode access
Switch(config-if)# switchport access vlan 20

, . VLAN , :

   VTP

VLAN 10 , 1 3. , , VLAN . VLAN , , .

VTP, VLAN .


VTP

VTP :

  1. Server
  2. VLAN.

    VLAN Flash vlan.dat.

    , ,

  3. Client
  4. VLAN VLAN VTP. . 3) Transparent

    VTP , . VLAN .


VTP

VTP :

  1. Advertisement requests
  2. SummaryAdvertisement

  3. Summary advertisements
  4. 5 .

  5. Subset advertisements
  6. VLAN, .

, VTP, VLAN, , .

VLAN. .

VTP , . . , Cisco.

- GVRP (GARP VLAN Registration Protocol).


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P.S. , :)

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