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The HyperText Transfer Protocol, HTTP, OSI . HTTP , . HTTP HTML (HyperText Markup Language) WEB . , - , HTTP, TCP/IP.

HTTP 1990 :

  • HTTP/0.9: , WEB
  • HTTP/1.0: (Internet Engineering Task Force, IETF) RFC 1945 1996 . , . .
  • HTTP/1.1: 1.1 RFC 2068 IETF HTTP 1.0. 1.1 1.0 TCP , HTTP , ( ) .

, 1.0 1.1 HTTP. , , 1.0 1.1, .


HTTP

WEB . HTML , . , HTML , . , HTML , , , . :

  1. () WEB .
  2. HTML .
  3. WEB .
  4. , WEB .

, ( ) WEB . (1.0 1.1).


HTTP

HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) HTML Web , . HTTP 1.0 1.1 :

HTTP/1.0 HTTP/1.1
GET GET. , HTML, HTTP .
HEAD GET. , HTML, HTTP .
HEAD GET. , HTML, HTTP .
POST ,
PUT .
DELETE .
TRACE .
OPTIONS .

Web , GET POST . GET , POST , .


URL?

Uniform Resource Locator (URL) GET , , , ( ) HTML . , URL TCP . URL:

HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

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